CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

Juvenile crime and sentencing has been readjusted as the crime rate rises among the youth without considering neuroscience evidence that suggests that the youth brains are not fully developed to make mature decision before the age of 25 years. Until recently, the decision to either waive the charges committed by youth and or try them as adults, the influence of neuroscience contribution was never factored. The Supreme Court began factoring this evidence in its review of the youth cases to reduce the cases of the youth sentences tried as adults as suggested by the neuroscience studies on age and brain capacity. Considering these emerging studies, it is important to consider the influence and the role played by age in capital crime and punishment.

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Tutor Victor

According to a report published by the Beckman and Mary (pg.2), the youth between the age of 16 and 17 years were executed under capital offences. The Supreme Court waived the judgments and left them within the jurisdiction to consider on the desired way to punish juvenile crimes. it was unconstitutional to punish juveniles under the age of 16  with execution, however, it was amended to give the state the rights of choice for the best crime for the youth 16 years. Among the group given these special considerations are retarded people since they are reasoning and judgments capacity (pg. 3).

The article further argues that is unusual and cruel to put the youth at the age of 16 and 17 years under execution for capital offences. Other scholars like Prof Steven Drizin and Ruben Gur of University of Chicago and university of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia indicate that the brain does not begin maturing until the individual reaches the age of 17 years.  They also suggest that art of the brain that is engaged in the legal process does not mature until late (pg.4). There is a general agreement between researches that brains begins to grown in the adolescence from the age of 17. The teens in this age are more likely to exhibit cruel and fearful behavior.

Although the wealthy penalty has since been reduced, the death penalty still applies to individual state laws in the United States. Some states have gone to limit their age for execution of juvenile for capita Crime (pg. 5) to 17 years while other have raised to 18years.  In my opinion, the 17 and the 18 years coincide with the adolescence. This makes the youth population more susceptible to crime even though it is it really their wish and desire.

Capital execution should be reconsidered before being used on the teenagers of as they struggle with adolescence. They are bound to make terrible mistakes that they will end up regretting later. This is the age that you are more active and curies and may find themselves on the wrong side of the law against their wishes. At that age, the youths function similarly like the mentally retarded adults, they may confess have the wrongs they have not committed and end up being convicted wrongly (pg. 6). In addition, at that age, the influence of emotions, fear and even failure to understand the consequences of what they consent to may make innocent youths fall victims of the wrong conviction. It is not that youth should not be punished at all, but at least they should be given lesser penalties until they are of age.

‘Works cited”

Mary, Beckman. Crime, Culpability and adolescent brain. Science. Vol 35. Pg. 596-599. 2004. Accessed from web.