Being the most secretive nation on earth, it may be difficult to identify North Korea’s commitment to combating human trafficking. The country is the source of victims of human trafficking aided by the government’s bilateral agreement on labor export policies. The country is categorized in tier 3 because it shows no deliberate effort to combat human trafficking. On the contrary, the country practices forced labor for its citizens on its prison camps with inhuman living conditions. The main form is human trafficking is forced labor with estimates of 50,000 of the country’s citizens trafficked to Europe and Asia especially in China and Russia.
North Korea does not prohibit any form of human trafficking. With no laws on human trafficking, there is no prosecution for human traffickers in North Korea. The government does not provide any data on its efforts to fight human trafficking. This has made it hard to obtain information on the training of the authorities on dealing with human trafficking.
There are no deliberate efforts by the government of North Korea to protect human trafficking victims. In fact, the government does not permit any NGO to operate in the country. There are laws that declare human trafficking illegal. The government imprisons human trafficking victims and even execution.
Without any law on human trafficking, North Korea has no effort to prevent human trafficking. There are no awareness campaigns to sensitize potential victims on human trafficking and those who leave the country without government approval considered defectors. The country does not provide any training on the authorities to prevent human trafficking. It also reported that these authorities assault human trafficking victims in prison camps through torture and sexual abuse.
On recommendations, the country should end the use of force labor in prison camps. It should also end the punishment of repatriated human trafficking victims and recognize human trafficking is a crime that requires attention. The counties should also collaborate with other countries where its laborers are sent to ensure they receive fair wages and become a party to TIP protocol.
In summary, North Korea is among the worst performance in combating human trafficking. The country has no law to prevent human trafficking. It has not recognized human trafficking as a crime that requires immediate attention. To combat human trafficking the government should end forced labor and enact necessary legislation to prevent human trafficking.